martes, 4 de mayo de 2010

El lenguaje, Edward Sapir.

Edward Sapir publica, en 1921, su libro “El lenguaje”.

En el capítulo I, “Introducción: definición de lenguaje”, dice: “El lenguaje es un método exclusivamente humano, y no instintivo, de comunicar ideas emociones y deseos por medio de un sistema de símbolos producidos de manera deliberada. Estos símbolos son, ante todo, auditivos, y son producidos por los llamados “órganos del habla”.

Cómo estudiarlo:

El lenguaje es un método: caracterizar “método”

Exclusivamente humano: esta expresión no niega otros lenguajes, delimita el concepto y lo restringe a la especie “humana”.

No instintivo: implica “aprendizaje”, implica considerar al hombre como ser social.

Comunicar: se le establece una función al lenguaje. (Volveremos al tema FUNCIONES cuando se estudie a Kart Bûhler y a Roman Jakobson).

Lo comunicable: ideas, emociones y deseos (se invita a pensar un mensaje que no contenga ideas, emociones y/o deseos).

Por medio de un sistema de símbolos: vamos a considerar un “sistema de signos”; este sistema está compuesto por aspectos morfológicos, sintácticos, léxicos, fonológicos, semánticos. Los estudiaremos junto a la pragmática.

Producidos de manera deliberada: para producir un acto de habla se necesita la intervención de la voluntad.

Estos símbolos son, ante todo, auditivos, (signos lingüísticos), y son producidos por los llamados “órganos del habla”. (Recordar las cuerdas vocales, son exclusivas).

15 comentarios:

Anónimo dijo...

"El lenguaje es una cosnstrucción social nacesaria, que evolucina a lo largo de la historia, es pura y exclusivamente humana. Por ende esta sujeta a la disposición de las generaciones venideras; púes enriquecerlo será nuestra tarea, a la cual debemos dedicar la vida."
Su alumno Liber
P.D. Quizá no sea así.

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